March 28th, 2004
“Sri Rama Navami”
We are gathering here on a very
auspicious moment. Right from the New Year Day celebration up to Sri Rama Navami,
which falls on the 30th of this month, is a nine-day period celebration that we
call Vasanta Navarathri. Vasanta is the spring season. Nava is nine. Vasanta
Navarathri is a nine-day celebration. This spring festival starts from New
Year’s Day and ends on the 30th. We will celebrate Sri Rama Navami on Tuesday.
We have had enough homework concerning the New Dear Day celebration and what it stands for. By God’s grace, I explained all these things.
Now, as we are getting ready for the Sri Rama Navami celebration, I think it is worthwhile to spend time discussing the meaning behind this happy occasion and celebration. Once we understand the different aspects of Sri Ram Navami, its depth, its profundity and its significance, the celebration will be meaningful and fruitful.
first point: Sri Rama Navami is the birthday of Lord Rama. Rama is one of the
ten Incarnations of Sri Maha Vishnu, the Divine. Divinity manifesting in a human
form is what we call an Incarnation. The Incarnation of Sri Rama is among the
ten important Incarnations.
The second point: Sri Rama’s Incarnation had a purpose. Every Incarnation has a Divine program. God comes down in human form, quite relevant to the times, pertinent to the situation, to correct humanity and to direct humanity along the right channel. When sinful deeds are on the rise, when meritorious people are discouraged, when pious people are leading a risky life, to save the pious and to remove the wicked, God comes down in human form.
The third point: Rama was a role model. Rama’s
Incarnation is one such Divine Incarnation, a role model to emulate: how to be
an ideal son, how to be an ideal father, how to be an ideal husband, how to be
an ideal ruler! Is there anyone who is an ideal brother? Is there anyone who we
look up to? If we are to look up to some ideal person, He is no other than Sri
multi-dimensional. He was an ideal son, ideal brother, ideal father, ideal
husband and ideal ruler. All ideals are in Him. In other words, God wanted to
demonstrate to the whole world how to be ideal.
Therefore, the celebration of Rama Navami implies that Rama wants us to emulate His example, to follow His example. The celebration of Rama Navami does not end with ritualistic deeds. You may worship Rama from dawn to dusk, eat sumptuous food on that day, delicious items, but to call ourselves Rama’s devotees for doing that is a mistake. It is a wrong way to celebrate.
We are really Rama’s devotees if we follow His ideals. We can call ourselves Rama’s devotees if we follow His examples. That is the indication behind the celebration of Sri Rama’s birthday, which we call Sri Rama Navami.
Bhagavan Baba has spoken about Rama’s Incarnation at length. Long back at the 70’s; there He spoke on this particular theme to students from all over India during a summer course on Indian culture and spirituality. All discourses were published in a book under the title Atma Rama. Swami Himself has instilled the interpretation of the Ramayana under the title Rama Katha Rasavahini. Again in the 90’s, He gave a number of discourses on Rama, addressing students who had assembled for a course on Indian culture and spirituality. So, I have a fund of information from Baba’s Divine lips.
Here, Bhagavan mentioned certain
things, which are not there in the original text. Sage Valmiki composed
Ramayana, the original text. Valmiki composed this great epic, Ramayana.
Some people ask, “How is it that Bhagavan mentions that which is not in the Valmiki text?”
The answer is straight and simple. The composer wrote what he knew, but those things that are beyond his stretch of imagination, beyond his knowledge, are best known to Baba because He is Rama. He knows His story much better than the author did. He knows His personal details more authentically than the author did.
We have biographers, but Rama Katha Rasavahini is an autobiography: It is His own story. Therefore, the authenticity and credibility are not to be doubted.
There are lots of details. I seem to be over-ambitious. I don’t think I will be able to deal with them all here. Let me try to do justice to the extent possible
Rama’s name is holy and matchless. Certainly most of you must have joined in chorus, particularly when Swami sings:
Rama Rama Ram,
Rama Rama Ram,
Rama Rama Ram,
Sri Rama Rama Ram…
The name of Rama is blissful. The meaning of Rama is bliss. If you sing His glory with a sorrowful face, with a melancholic mood, it is not worthwhile, because Rama means bliss. You should be joyful. You should rejoice. You should smile.
I want to explain all the details from the Sai’s scripture about the meaning of this word Rama. I want to draw your attention to the meaning of Rama. Why should we recite His name? What are the depth and the profundity behind it?
Rama - there are three letters here: R + a + ma.
Ra stands for fire, God.
All elements are treated as Divine. You can say fire; if you don’t want
to say fire, then God.
Ra means fire.
What is the quality of fire? The
quality of fire is to burn. So, when we say Rama, there is burning. What burns?
Not you and me! It burns all sins! All sins are burnt to ashes when we say
‘A’ means the sun. Sun stands for light. When the sun rises, darkness is dispelled. The darkness is gone. So, the darkness of ignorance is gone through the utterance of ‘Rama’. Once I repeat His Name, the darkness of ignorance is totally gone.
The third is ‘ma.’ Ma means moon. Fire is Agni, sun is Surya and moon is Chandra. Ma stands for the moon god, Chandra. Everyone enjoys moonlight. The moonlight is so calm and cool; it soothes, softens, smoothens, tranquillises and makes us forget. It pacifies and calms the agitations of the mind. The mind is turbulent; the mind is disturbed. Such a disturbed mind is pacified and calmed down by the coolness of the moon. That is ‘ma.’
By repeating ‘Rama’, we gain three advantages
-- a triple benefit scheme: The first benefit is that sins are burned. The
second benefit is that darkness is dispelled. The third is that emotions,
disturbances and agitations are calmed down. They are pacified. These are the
first aspects of the meaning of the name ‘Rama’.
Rama also has a second meaning. There are two schools of philosophy in Sanathana Dharma. Those who worship Vishnu are called Vaishnavites. Those who worship Shiva are called Shaivites. It is just as you have Catholics and Protestants. Here we have Shaivites and Vaishnavites. Vaishnavites always say Narayana Namo Narayana Narayana. Shaivites say Namah Shivaya Namah Shivaya. At one time, they did not see eye-to-eye with each other. Later in history, they reconciled.
According to Bhagavan, non-dualism is true wisdom. If you consider Vishnu and Shiva as separate, you are ignorant #1! It is irreligious, idiotic and totally stupid. (Laughter) In other words, Vishnu and Shiva are identical; they are one and the same.
See how Swami plays with words.
Vaishnavites, those who worship Vishnu, say Narayanaya. Ra is
taken from there. Shaivites say Namah Shivaya. Ma is taken out
of there. They are two-in-one in ‘Rama’. In other words, you have the benefit of
worshiping Vishnu and also the advantage of worshiping Lord Shiva when you
A third meaning of Rama is from Hara (Shiva) and Uma (His consort, Parvathi). It is Ra of Shiva and Ma from Parvathi. When you say ‘Rama,’ you are worshipping both of them. You do not need to worship God separately. If you say ‘Rama,’ she will be satisfied, and He will bless you at the same time.
It is clearly said, “Oh man, you should not be considering yourself as a separate entity.” You think that you are a separate individual. A whale thinks it is different from the ocean. No! The ocean and the whale are one and same.
The light and the sun are one and the same. Sweetness and sugar are one and the same. The fragrance and the flower are one and the same. The glitter, the glamour, the shining and the gold are one and the same. Am I not right?
Likewise, “Oh man, you are God.” Divinity and you (humanity) are one and the same.
Rama also means Ra: That – tat, you – twam, Tat Twam Asi - That thou art. You are essentially Divine. You are the spark of the Divine. You are the embodiment of the Divine.
Numerologically, ra stands
for number five and ma stands for number two. Five plus two equals seven.
Number seven is important. There are seven seas, there are seven colours and
there are seven notes: Sa re ga ma pa da ni. Numerologically, Rama
Next is phonetics: Phonetics and pronunciation are very important. Every language must be spoken in the way it has to be spoken. Unfortunately, we regionalise the language. When we regionalise the language, it appears different from its original form.
That’s why people ask, “What language is he speaking?” (Laughter) Although for all purposes, it is English. (Laughter) This reaction happens because it is not spoken the way it should be. Phonetics, pronunciation, diction and accent are all important. Rama: Ra - once you open the mouth and say, ‘Ra’, all the sins are sent out. (Laughter) Am I clear? Ma - once you close the lips, the sins that have gone out cannot get back in. Then it is ‘Ma’ - closed (Laughter) Right! Open the door, push it out, and then close the door. It is like a swinging door! Am I clear? So, Ra, sin is gone, Ma, door is closed (Laughter). That is ‘Rama phonetics’. When you open the mouth, things go out - Ra. When it is closed - Ma, things cannot get in.
The next meaning is Ra, the cognate soul, the whole, the Divine, the universal soul and Ma the individual soul, are one and the same. The river and the ocean, the drop and the ocean, the spark and the fire, are all one and the same. That’s Rama.
Next, Rama and Aum are one and the same. R plus A plus Ma is the same as Aum - A-u-m. Rama and Aum are one and the same.
Now we come to the significance. You are really enjoying Bhagavan’s discourses of Rama much more than anybody. I am not a fanatic; I am not dogmatic; I am not a fundamentalist either. I am just telling you the facts.
When you listen to Bhagavan’s discourse on Ramayana, they are unique. Why? The story and philosophical significance go together, something like the railway tracks running along parallel. So, the story narration and the philosophy behind it run parallel. One supports the other.
Those that like a story, all right! Those that
want Vedanta, fine! Those that want both, take the two-wheeler. Sometimes, He
makes it a three-wheeler, applying Ramayana to modern life.
Swami’s discourses on the Ramayana are
very significant. They are different from the rest in three aspects: First, He
speaks of the story. Second, the spiritual aspects are discussed. Third, there
is an application to modern society.
The name of Rama’s father is Dasaratha. But, when Baba says ‘Dasaratha’, it takes a different meaning. What does He mean? Dasaratha is not simply the father of Rama. Dasaratha is not merely the king of ancient days. Dasaratha is not merely a reference to past history. Everyone is Dasaratha!
“Oh I see.” We feel great. We are the father of Rama and a king. (Laughter) Everyone is Dasaratha? Why and how? We have ten senses: five senses of action and five sense of perception = ten senses.
“Sir, I have only nine.”
“Sir, I have only five.”
“Sir, I have none; I am without senses.”
“Then you are senseless!”
My friends, everyone all over the world, it
does not matter where they are from - Argentina or America - all of us have ten
senses. Dasa means ten, ratha means chariot. The human body is a
chariot with ten senses. Therefore, everyone is Dasaratha.
The capital city ruled by Dasaratha is Ayodhya. Ayodhya is the capital city of the kingdom ruled by Dasaratha. The meaning of Ayodhya is a place where no enemy can ever enter.
Ayodhya is my body. Who can enter into me
without my permission? Can you get into my mind? No! Though you are right in
front of me, if I do not think of you, you are not there in my mind. I may be
sitting in an auditorium hearing Swami’s lecture, but if I think of my visa,
Swami is not there in my mind. Nobody can get into your mind. Nobody can get
into your body. Nobody can be anywhere near you without your consent. Am I
clear? Similarly, Ayodhya is a place wherein no enemy can ever enter.
Three Gunas or Attributes
Next, Dasaratha, the king and father of Ramachandra, had three wives, three queens. So, I see three queens. Yes, why not? When everyone is Dasaratha, when you and I are Dasaratha, we too must have three queens. Why not?
Who are the three queens here? The three are Kausalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi. These are their names. These three names are not merely names. They represent the three gunas or attributes.
Three gunas or attributes govern us all. Those who are terrorists, those who are inhuman, and those who indulge in violence are thamasic. Those who make use of intoxicants are thamasic. Those who are emotional, passionate, full of desire and ambition are rajasic. Those who are balanced, equanimous and endorsed with poise are satwic.
These are the three qualities we have. Sometimes we are satwic, sometimes we are rajasic, and many times, we are thamasic. (Laughter) Yes! All of a sudden when Swami comes, we are satwic: “Shh, shh, shh.” (Laughter)
As soon as someone sits in my place, I become rajasic. “You know this is my place!” (Laughter) When Swami comes to call you for an interview, do you belong to my group? No! Rajasic!
We are thamasic when we are in a hurry to go to the canteen immediately after darshan. Too much sleep, too much drinking and too much eating, that’s all thamasic, our animal tendencies.
All the three are buried in every one of us. If anyone says, “I have no thamasic qualities,” do not believe him; beware of him.
If anyone says, “I’m never rajasic,”
don’t believe him.
If anyone says, “I’m totally satwic,”
understand he is hypocrite #1! (Laughter)
All the three are there in everybody. Therefore, Kausalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi represent the fundamental three attributes of every person - rajasic, satwic and thamasic.
Next, King Dasaratha had four sons. All right,
if I am Dasaratha, I have three queens; then I must also have four sons. Who are
they? As per the story, Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Satrughna are the names of
the four sons.
Who are these four sons? They represent the four Vedas. The voice of God is called Veda. The breath of God is called Veda.
The first Veda is
called Yajur Veda. The first son stands for Yajur Veda, Rama. The
second son, Lakshmana, represents Rig Veda. The third son, Bharata,
represents Sama Veda. The fourth son, Satrughna, represents Atharva
Where is Veda in me? There is only vedana. Vedana is worry. There is no Veda in me; there is only vedana, avedana, and rodhana! (Laughter) Rodhana means crying. Avedana means worry. Where is Veda?
The breath is sohum. The life principal itself is Veda. Veda need not necessarily be in the form of a written text. The breath is Veda. The breath of the Divine is Veda.
The Four Objectives
The four sons also represent the four
objectives of every person, no matter which country he or she belongs to. The
four objectives in life are dharma, artha, kama, moksha. What do they
mean? Dharma is righteousness. Artha is wealth. Kama is
desire. Moksha is liberation. These are the four objectives in life.
Someone may say, “Sir, I have only two.”
“Then you have no idea of objectives at all.”
“Sir, I have only one - moksha.”
“Well, please go away from me. All four are
necessary.” Why do I say that?
With dharma, righteously you earn
artha, money. With dharma, righteously you have your kama,
desires fulfilled. When you righteously earn and when you righteously get your
desires fulfilled, naturally you will have the fourth one, moksha.
Liberation will be attained automatically.
These are the four objectives that are
represented by Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Satrughna.
Now we come to Sita, the wife of Rama. She
represents Brahma Jnana or spiritual wisdom.
Does anyone say, ”I don’t have wisdom?” Everyone wants to be wise. Although he is often otherwise, he wants to be wise. (Laughter)
So wisdom is Sita. Each one has this Sita element inside, this spiritual awareness, Brahma Jnana or spiritual wisdom.
You know, Sita followed Ramachandra to the
forest unconditionally. She was not asked to follow. She need not have gone, but
she simply followed her husband. She was very happy.
While she was there, she suddenly had a
fascination for a golden deer. That led to the separation. Here Swami says, “So
long as there is Rama in her mind, meaning her husband, meaning God, she always
enjoyed Brahma Jnana, spiritual wisdom. Once she developed a kind
of fascination and liking for the golden deer, she had to be separated from
Rama.” So when kama, fascination or desire, enters, one goes away from
Rama, God. God and mammon cannot go together
Sita is Brahma Jnana, the consort of Sri Ramachandra.
When Sita was abducted, (I’m not going to explain the whole story; it is not necessary) Rama went in search of Sita. While He was in search of Sita, He came across a mountain by the name of Rushiyamuka. The name of the mountain stands for detachment. There in the Rushiyamuka, Rama meets Sugriva. Sugriva and Hanuman were two important monkeys, VIP’s. (Laughter)
Sugriva comes and seeks refuge at the Feet of Rama. Hanuman was ready to help Rama. Hanuman was the Chief of the Sugriva’s Army. He was ready to follow Rama’s command.
Now please understand, Rama, the individual soul, seeks the friendship of Sugriva, meaning discrimination. He also seeks the help of Hanuman, who represents courage. This means that a spiritual aspirant should have discrimination, viveka, and courage, dheeratva. Dheeratva is the courage symbolised by Hanuman. Viveka is the discrimination symbolised by Surgriva. These two are close to Ramachandra.
Next, Rama kills Vali, the brother of Sugriva. Vali represents wickedness and cruelty. Who wants to encourage cruelty? Who wants to encourage wickedness? Wickedness must be totally gone. Cruelty must be immediately sent out. Cruelty and wickedness are represented by Vali.
Vali was a very cruel fellow. He dethroned his father, sent him to the forest and then was the cause of the separation of the wife of his own brother Sugriva. Sugriva was the brother of Vali. Vali kidnapped the wife of his own brother. Sugriva was at a loss. He was sent out of his kingdom and separated from his wife. Vali had to be punished for his wickedness and cruelty.
There is another
character in the Ramayana whom we call Ahaliya. Ahaliya represents disobedience.
The story may say several things, but Baba’s interpretation is most importance.
My dear friends, after coming to Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba, our spiritual texts have a different connotation altogether. They are to be explained with reference to the present context, the present situation. We cannot go by the traditional meaning or the traditional story. Bhagavan explains in terms of modern life, through daily situations.
I draw your attention to Ahaliya. Ahaliya was a lady who disobeyed her husband, Gautama. Gautama cursed Ahilya and she became a stone. When Rama put His foot on this stone, she comes back to her human form. She comes back to her original form as a woman. A woman who was cursed to become a stone, and with Rama’s name, becomes a human form again. That is the story!
See how Bhagavan interprets this story: Woman is not merely a gender. No! Woman represents sensitivity. Woman represents tenderness. Woman represents receptivity. Woman represents softness. Woman represents sweetness. Softness, sweetness, tenderness, sensitivity, receptivity...
Now, what is a stone? A stone is rock, tough and harsh. Because of disobedience, you become rough, tough and hard, like a stone. By repeating God’s Name, the stone can become a woman, meaning you can become sensitive, receptive, soft, smooth and tender.
Therefore, when Rama’s Name is repeated, one becomes soft. The stonyhearted fellow, a fellow who’s heart is hard like a stone, who does not react to the misery of other people, and who does not respond to the needs of other people, is worse than a stone.
But when this stonyhearted fellow sings the
glory of Rama, he becomes a tender-hearted person. He has a heart softer than
butter, like that of a woman. That is ahaliyasatha murchana. You
It is also said in the Ramayana that Rama
crossed the ocean. Oh, I see! When He could cross, why not I? Why should you not
cross the seas? Of course, special aircrafts will take you to the other side.
The Cathay Pacific will take you across the Pacific, why not? There are airlines
that will take you across seas, all the seven seas.
My dear friends, that is not the sea that
Bhagavan refers to in the Ramayana. That sea is nothing but delusion.
That sea is nothing but confusion. That sea is nothing but illusion. That sea is
nothing but family life. That sea is nothing but worldly life. That sea is
nothing but momentary, temporal life. Fleeting pleasure is the ocean. We are all
in the ocean, totally drowned. We are totally drowned, sunk deep, and we want
somebody to pick us up.
The problem is to cross
the ocean of delusion, the ocean of confusion. Who crossed the ocean? Hanuman
crossed this ocean. Who is Hanuman? He represents courage. A courageous man is
the only one who can cross this ocean, not a timid fellow and not a coward.
How could Hanuman
cross? By repeating God’s Name, he could cross. Hanuman did not cross, did not
jump over the ocean, just like that. He was repeating God’s Name. He kept
repeating God’s Name. That facilitated his process of reaching the other shore
Therefore, when we repeat God’s Name, we can cross this ocean of family life, we can cross this ocean of delusion and we can cross this ocean of illusion. We can cross this ocean of physical pleasures, comforts and conveniences.
Everyone must be Hanuman, ready to cross this ocean with courage. We can do it by repeating Rama’s matchless Name.
Sri Rama Navami is the birthday of Rama. It
also happens to be the holy wedding day. Rama married Sita on the same day.
What does Sita Kalyanam mean? Holy
wedding! Rama symbolises dharma. Sita symbolises wisdom. One
should have wisdom, backed by dharma. One should have dharma,
coupled with wisdom. That is the meaning of the holy wedding or Sita
What do we mean by Sita yoga? This means separation from Sita. Why was Rama separated from Sita? Sita had to be away from him because of her desire for the golden deer. The point is that desire, kama dominated Sita. When desire, kama, the golden deer dominated Sita, separation happened. Viyoga is separation. Samyoga is union.
When dharma, righteousness, and wisdom are together, Rama and Sita are together. It is samyoga or union. But when kama, desire, dominates that leads to viyoga or separation.
In the forest, Rama spent a long time alone with Lakshmana. That’s what we call vanavasa, exile life. Dharma accompanied by Lakshmana, the mind. The mind and dharma together, that’s what vanavasa means.
Another aspect of the talk this morning, in connection with Sri Rama Navami is this: Rama is not separate from you. Rama is not one of a historical nature. Rama is Atmarama! (Sings):
Bhavabayaharana vanditha charana
Achutakeshava Hari Narayana
means that Rama is the Indweller in you. He is not separate. Your true Self is
Rama. The Atma is Rama. That is bliss. Ra is Self; Ma is
the mind. Ma, meaning the mind, has to subside. Mind has to merge into
This is what you call withdrawal of the mind. That is what you call annihilation of the mind. Once the mind is withdrawn, the Self remains. That is Rama.
RAMA WAS AN IDEAL SON
Rama was an ideal son. He followed the command
of his father. Pithruvaaku paripalaka.
Paripalaka means the one who observes – prithu, father, vakya,
the command. Rama followed the command of the father.
Bhagavan always tells the students, “Remember
boys, you must please your parents. You must obey their commands. Your parents
have given you the gift of your blood, your head, your money and so on. So you
should follow them.” Swami wants everyone to follow what Rama did. Rama was an
Not only that, Rama also followed the principal
of truth, satyaparipalaka. Pithruvaaku
Paripalaka. Satyaparipalaka is the observance of truth.
Nahamanishiyo, I am not the man. Nachedeva YakshahaI, I am not an angel. I’m not yaksha. Na Brahman, rudhra veshakaI. I don’t belong to these castes. I’m not a brahmachari. I’m not a recluse. I’m not a renunciate. I’m not a bachelor. Aham sathya bhodhaka.
rama is an ideal brother
Sri Ramachandra was an ideal brother. How He loved his brother! One time, Lakshmana fell on the ground and fainted. Rama said, “It may be easy for me to get a wife like Sita. But it would be impossible to get a brother like Lakshmana.” That is the kind of love that Rama had toward his brother. So, He was an ideal brother.
Rama is an ideal husband
Once He was away from His wife, He was crying for her, like an ordinary mortal. He always thought about His wife and He wanted to bring her back to Him. This shows the kind of love of an ideal husband.
Rama is an ideal friend
He was an ideal friend. He supported Sugriva, though his elder brother, Vali, was mightier, more powerful and stronger. Yet, He supported only Sugriva, so he is an ideal friend. He supported Vibhishana, who surrendered to His Lotus Feet. He was an ideal friend.
Rama is an ideal enemy
He was also an ideal enemy. How can I say He
was an ideal enemy? At the time of the war between He and Ravana, one day He
noticed that Ravana was totally exhausted and tired.
Rama told Ravana, “Ravana, you are tired. You
look exhausted. Please go home for today. Take enough rest. Let’s meet on the
battlefield tomorrow. Goodnight!” (Laughter)
“Let’s meet tomorrow!” Can you imagine that? He did not take advantage of Ravana’s weakness, He did not take advantage of his tiredness, and He did not take advantage of his helplessness. No! He said, “Go home. Take rest. We’ll meet tomorrow.” That is Sri Ramachandra.
Not only that, when Ravana, the worst enemy, was dying, a couple of moments before death, Rama asked Lakshmana to go to Ravana and learn certain principles of political administration.
“Look here, Lakshmana,
Ravana is not an ordinary man. He is a great worshipper of Lord Shiva, he is a
great scholar, and he is a great king. Go and learn political administration
from him.” One can be generous towards an enemy.
My friends, unfortunately today the animosity and enmities are mounting, so we do not see the merits of people. When we agree, I find plus points in you. When there is some difference of opinion, I see everything negative in you. This is not the right thing. Rama sees everything positive in everybody. Rama is an ideal enemy.
I should also bring to your attention another
important point. Rama gave salvation to the monkeys, salvation to the demons,
salvation to the birds and salvation to the squirrels. In His sight, all living
things were one.
Even today, Sri Rama Navami has great relevance to present times. The very nucleus of the family is disturbed. The parents and children no longer live in good faith; husband and wife seek separation; children are happy in the absence of the parents; the parents are not sure about the behaviour of their children. When the very nucleus of the family is at risk, when the very scent of the family is gone, Ramayana comes to our rescue.
The timely reminder of the Ramayana speaks of the need for harmony, unity and total understanding among brothers, husband and wife, and family prestige. Dignity and decorum have to be maintained. We cannot lead a disharmonious life. We can no longer lead a disunited life. That is the message of the Ramayana, which today is more important than ever.
The message of Ramayana is more important today in the sense that one has to follow the twin principles of dharma, righteousness and sathya, truth. In fact, the two words are totally forgotten. One has to refer to the dictionary for the meaning of these two words.
Today there is no sathya. There is no dharma. Dharma and sathya will sustain the world; they will be the strength of the world. Therefore, observance of Rama Navami is needed more today than ever before.
Rama was an ideal ruler. People speak of Ramarajya. The father of this nation, Mahatma Gandhi, always referred to Ramarajya. What is Ramarajya? It is the kingdom of Rama. What were the features of Ramarajya? Bhagavan explained these things.
Friends, I may look overambitious. I’m just
highlighting important events of the holy epic Ramayana, that’s all. If
one or two points impress you, I think my task is fulfilled, my objective is
Ramarajya, the kingdom of Rama, was ideal. How can I say that? People were happy. There was peace in the country, security in the country and safety everywhere. People lived in unity, amity and friendship. The family was quite happy. Society was happy. People were happy with the king and the king was happy with the people. Rama never considered Himself superior to the people. He mixed among the public. He gave value to public opinion.
Because one washerman questioned the chastity of His wife, Rama dropped his wife altogether. Sita was sent to the forest to honour the word of a washerman. Can you believe it? Rama simply sent her out. In public life, a ruler, an emperor has to value public opinion. Today, who cares about public opinion?
So, Ramayana is more important today. Public opinion, prajavakiya, is important, praja - public, vakiya - opinion. Rama got His own knowledge of the people and their problems from the people, and He solved their problems. All of His brothers assisted Him. Nobody ever tried to usurp the other man. Rama always followed the advice of wise men, like Vashista and Vamadeva, the holy sages.
So, we need the advice of the elders. We need the advice of spiritual leaders. We need the guidance of sages, saints, learned people and elderly people. We need to remind ourselves of the lost human values. Let society be peaceful, let society be prosperous, let society be safe, let society be ideal. Let human beings be worthy. Let society be worthy of its sustenance.
May Sri Rama Chandra bless everyone who has assembled here and your families as well.
Bhagavan Baba is the reincarnation of Ramachandra. You find the life of Rama is repeated in the life of Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba. The action is replayed. Just rewind the cassette. He is leading an exemplary life.
Baba is an ideal son. Whenever He thinks of His
mother, whenever anybody speaks of His mother, Easwaramma, those who sit closely
can find Bhagavan Baba’s eyes becoming wet. Whenever anybody speaks of Kondama
Raju, Baba’s grandfather, Bhagavan Baba’s voice chokes. Though He is Divine,
Bhagavan Baba is an ideal son.
Bhagavan Baba is an ideal administrator. Just as Rama was an ideal ruler, Baba is an ideal ruler in the sense that He recognises, helps and encourages a true worker. At the time of the construction of the Poornachandra Auditorium, Bhagavan went there to supervise. It so happened that His red robes got paint on them.
People felt so badly. “Swami, now Your red robe
is full of paint. It is spoiled.”
Swami said, “Paint! No! They are gems. They are pearls.”
When He moves amongst workers, He is a worker. When He moves amongst students, He is a student. When He is amongst administrators, He is an administrator.
Likewise, we find Rama’s features in Bhagavan Baba. He is so soft in forgiving, like Sri Ramachandra. Yet, He is tougher than a diamond when it is a question of truth, like Ramachandra Himself. I could go on like this. The parallels between Rama and Bhagavan are many.
Invoking Bhagavan’s blessing on this special day to come, Sri Rama Navami, I take leave from you. Thank you! God bless you!
Asato Maa Sad Gamaya
Tamaso Maa Jyotir Gamaya
Mrtyormaa Amrtam Gamaya
Om Loka Samastha Sukhino Bhavantu
Samastha Sukhino Bhavantu
Loka Samastha Sukhino Bhavantu